Friday, 24 August 2018

Swine flu (H1N1)

Swine flu" was the popular call for flu caused by a quite new form of flu virus liable for a international flu outbreak (or pandemic) in 2009-10. it's now only a everyday form of seasonal flu and is blanketed inside the annual flu vaccine.

The medical name for the swine flu virus is A/H1N1pdm09 – every now and then shortened to "H1N1".

"Swine flu" pandemic 2009-10
The virus become first diagnosed in Mexico in April 2009. It have become referred to as swine flu as it's similar to flu viruses that have an effect on pigs.

It spread unexpectedly from us of a to u . s . a . as it changed into a new sort of flu virus that few younger people have been proof against.Swine flu" was the popular name for flu caused by a relatively new type of flu virus responsible for a global flu outbreak (or pandemic) in 2009-10. It's now just a normal type of seasonal flu and is included in the annual flu vaccine.

The scientific name for the swine flu virus is A/H1N1pdm09 – sometimes shortened to "H1N1".

"Swine flu" pandemic 2009-10
The virus was first identified in Mexico in April 2009. It became known as swine flu because it's similar to flu viruses that affect pigs.

It spread rapidly from country to country because it was a new type of flu virus that few young people were immune to.

Overall, the outbreak wasn't as serious as originally predicted, largely because many older people were already immune to it. Most cases in the UK were relatively mild – although serious cases still occurred.

The relatively small number of cases resulting in serious illness and death were mostly in younger adults and children – particularly those with underlying health problems – and pregnant women.

On August 10 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the pandemic officially over.
Swollen glands are a sign the body is fighting an infection. They usually get better by themselves in 2 to 3 weeks.

Check if your glands are swollen
Swollen glands feel like tender, painful lumps:

on each side of the neck
under the chin
in the armpits
around the groin
Glands (known as lymph glands or lymph nodes) swell near an infection to help your body fight it.

Sometimes a gland on just one side of the body swells.

You might also have other symptoms, such as a sore throat, cough or fever.

Things you can do yourself
Swollen glands go down in 2 or 3 weeks when the infection has gone.

You can help to ease the symptoms by:

resting
drinking plenty of fluids (to avoid dehydration)
taking painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen (don't give aspirin to children under 16)
See a GP if:
your swollen glands are getting bigger or they haven't gone down within 3 weeks
they feel hard or don't move when you press them
you're having night sweats or have a very high temperature (you feel hot and shivery) for more than 3 or 4 days
you have swollen glands and no other signs of illness or infection
Get an urgent GP appointment or go to A&E if:
you have swollen glands and you're finding it very difficult to breathe or swallow
Causes of swollen glands
Don't self-diagnose – see a GP if you're worried.

Swollen glands are:

often caused by common illnesses like colds, tonsillitis and ear or throat infections
rarely caused by anything more serious, like cancer of the blood system (leukaemia) or lymph system (lymphoma)
If you see a GP they'll recommend treatment depending on the cause, which might include antibiotics.
"Swine flu" now
The A/H1N1pdm09 virus is now one of the seasonal flu viruses that circulate each winter. If you've had flu in the last few years, there's a chance it was caused by this virus.

As many people now have some level of immunity to the A/H1N1pdm09 virus, it's much less of a concern than in 2009-10.

The symptoms are the same as normal flu – they're usually mild and pass within a week or so. But as with all types of flu, some people – particularly those with underlying health problems – are at higher risk of serious illness.

The regular flu vaccine will normally protect people at a higher risk of becoming severely ill. A new children's vaccine programme is also being introduced. which aims to protect children and reduce their ability to infect others.

usual, the outbreak wasn't as critical as at the start anticipated, largely due to the fact many older humans had been already resistant to it. most cases within the united kingdom have been fantastically slight – although severe instances nonetheless took place.

The quite small number of cases resulting in extreme infection and loss of life have been generally in more youthful adults and children – particularly people with underlying health issues – and pregnant women.

On August 10 2010, the world fitness enterprise (WHO) declared the pandemic formally over.
Swollen glands are a sign the body is combating an infection. They usually get better by way of themselves in 2 to a few weeks.

check in case your glands are swollen
Swollen glands sense like tender, painful lumps:

on each aspect of the neck
below the chin
in the armpits
around the groin
Glands (referred to as lymph glands or lymph nodes) swell near an infection to assist your body fight it.

occasionally a gland on just one facet of the body swells.

you might additionally have other symptoms, which include a sore throat, cough or fever.

matters you can do your self
Swollen glands move down in 2 or 3 weeks while the infection has long gone.

you can help to ease the signs with the aid of:

resting
ingesting lots of fluids (to keep away from dehydration)
taking painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen (don't give aspirin to children underneath sixteen)
See a GP if:
your swollen glands are becoming larger or they have not long gone down inside 3 weeks
they experience difficult or don't circulate whilst you press them
you're having night sweats or have a completely high temperature (you experience warm and shivery) for greater than three or four days
you have swollen glands and no different symptoms of illness or contamination
Get an urgent GP appointment or visit A&E if:
you have swollen glands and you're locating it very hard to breathe or swallow
causes of swollen glands
don't self-diagnose – see a GP if you're involved.

Swollen glands are:

often because of commonplace ailments like colds, tonsillitis and ear or throat infections
hardly ever as a result of whatever greater serious, like most cancers of the blood gadget (leukaemia) or lymph machine (lymphoma)
in case you see a GP they may suggest treatment relying on the motive, which may include antibiotics.
"Swine flu" now
The A/H1N1pdm09 virus is now one of the seasonal flu viruses that circulate every winter. if you've had flu in the previous few years, there's a risk it became due to this virus.

As many human beings now have some degree of immunity to the A/H1N1pdm09 virus, it is much less of a subject than in 2009-10.

The symptoms are the same as everyday flu – they may be generally moderate and bypass inside every week or so. but as with all varieties of flu, some people – specifically people with underlying health problems – are at better chance of serious contamination.

The normal flu vaccine will typically shield people at a better chance of turning into severely sick. a brand new children's vaccine programme is also being added. which objectives to defend children and reduce their capacity to contaminate others.

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